Secure your computing devices. (lock the screen when away – tip… ( Press WIN + L )

Install anti-virus software, firewalls, email filters and keep these up-to-date


Slow down. Spammers want you to act first and think later. If the message conveys a sense of urgency or uses high-pressure sales tactics be sceptical; never let their urgency influence your careful review.



Always check the recipient (it’s important, call the recipient to be sure that it’s really them who have sent the email)

You can receive emails from your contacts who were themselves attacked

Do not click on suspicious links

Delete the emails you no longer need

Do not open attachments received from unknown senders of unexpected attachments from known senders

– Use tools like VirusTotal to check URL or files



Do not use the same password everywhere

You should use passwords that are long, using letters (uppercase & lowercase), special characters,

which have no special meaning (example: do not put the name of your Pet or simply “123” / “ABC” etc…)

Change it regularly


Never give out your password

If possible, use systems that double check identification (also known as multifactor authentication or two factor authentication 2FA).



Be cautious of the amount of personal Information you make publicly available

through social networking sites and other methods


The more information publicly available about you, the easier it is for attackers.

Be careful when a person phones or calls at the door etc. or meets you and asks you a lot of questions.

Do not put on a post-it to remember your passwords (e.g. stuck to screen, top drawer of desk or under keyboard etc.)

If possible, use encryption for sending important data.